It’s hard to believe that the near Rethymno is an ancient city-state Eleutherna. The ancient city had two names: Apollonia and Eleutherna, on behalf of the king smokes Eleftornosa. It was founded in the 9th century BC . Excavations have shown that the city was built with a clear layout of streets, temples, cemeteries, quarries in the vicinity
Praynes hill and well-preserved until now, huge bunkers pools to collect water. The city was a wealthy trading center with its own fleet, the port was in Panormo. The wealth and power he contended with the famous Knossos. 67 AD it was conquered by the Roman general Quintus blizzard. With the Roman conquest of Crete is a lovely villa, baths, and other public buildings, show that Eleutherna flourished under the Empire, to a catastrophic…
earthquake 365 years Elefterna became the seat of a Christian bishop bishop Eufratas built a large basilica in the middle of the seventh century. Assault Harun al-Rashid in the late eighth century led to the establishment of the Arab hegemony on the island. In the year 796 there was an earthquake that destroyed the remnants of the already almost deserted city.
Since 1985, systematic excavations in the region begins to University of Crete, conducted simultaneously in three different areas of the district. Eastern sector took Professor Petros Themelis, Professor Athanasios Kalpaxis center and west of Professor Nikos Stabolidis, who directs the excavations of the necropolis for 25 years.
N.Stabolidis In 2010, during the excavations of the necropolis archaeologists accidentally Obata attention on a stone slab, sticking out of the hill. Burial was hidden under a false fence to avoid being found and plundered tomb robbers. With great difficulty pushing 800 pounds. plate found some great pitchers, arranged one behind the other, this was the burial. Burial along the entire length dotted with small pieces of gold foil of various shapes – square, round and diamond-shaped, scientists literally getting out of this burial ground gold, not just land with a few pieces of foil. In a dual burial of VII century doNekr. Eleft BC 3000 pieces of gold foil. Gold foil pieces are small, between 1 and 4 cm in length. Once they were sewn onto clothing or burial shrouds buried here are women. Over the centuries, the fabric is completely rotted away, but the researchers were able to find a few white threads. Another surprising discovery of the tomb were gold jewelry girls depicting a bee. This was the first presentation of the bee as a goddess on the island of Crete. But what is surprising is that if you turn the decoration, the bee disappears and takes the place of a necklace from elefernykrasivaya lily. This dual jewelry caused general interest of archaeologists. Finally, in drugomkuvshine archaeologists made an unexpected discovery. Among the bones found in the golden eyes full size called Eye of Tutankhamun, identical to that found in the burial mask of the king of Egypt. Next to the deceased woman 25-27 years was a young man of 17 years, a woman apparently held during the life of a high social position. This is also the burial lay copper cup, ceramic bottles with the spices brought from Egypt or Syria and Palestine, hundreds of amber, crystal and porcelain beads. Also, scientists have originated question-who were these women and the youth, why were not cremated? In those days, all the rich people aged 15 and older were subjected to cremation and compre them priestesses and animals. In some cases, the bodies were burned to ashes, which were placed in a jar. Others were burned to the bone, the bone further purified and placed in a sarcophagus. Scientists continue to work on this burial. Excavations are very laborious and time-consuming, so grave or place of burning of 2 to 1.5 and 80 in depth requires 2 months of work.
N. Stabolidis plans to make a museum in vivo. Now the territory of the ancient city can be accessed only through the central entrance of the village old Eleftherna, the eastern and western entrance closed, there are conducted archaeological work.
So called flower perennial herb Dracunculus or tarragon – family Araceae. «Dracunculus» translated as “little dragon” or “snake” – apparently due to the fact that the long and slender inflorescence in the form of cob (40 cm) is reminiscent of the fabulous reptile, and decorative leaf stalks are covered with a plurality of transverse strips, creating the illusion of dragon Scale. Dracunculus blooms in spring, before the leaves bloom. Elongated inflorescence can be of different colors – from red and magenta to purple and almost black, and a large sheet-covered, which at first be mistaken for a petal being green on the outside, on the inside of the ear usually repeats the color. The roots of the plant are poisonous, but because of them get edible starch. Pollinate “dragon lily” flies – it smells so truly diabolical.
The body length of Kri-Kri reaches from 1.2-1.6 m, to this is added the tail length of 15 to 20 cm. Height at the shoulders is about 80 cm, weight – 15 to 40 kg. Cree Cree have light brown hair, legs and face – dark brown. Summer wool becomes reddish-brown, and in winter – light gray. Along the back runs a black stripe (belt). Male head decorated with two recurved horns.
It is believed that Kri-Kri was introduced to the island of Crete in the period of the Minoan civilization. Earlier Cree Cree were carried out in the islands of the Aegean Sea, but now they are endemic to Crete and found only on the island. Cree Cree live on the slopes of the Lefka Ori and the territory of Samaria Gorge. By 1960, the population years of Kri-Kri was threatened with extinction and there were only 200 goals, as Kri-Kri was the main source of meat for the Cretan partisans during the German occupation in World War II. Therefore, in 1962 it was decided to establish on the territory of Samaria Gorge National Park to protect these animals. In the 1970s, the population of Kri-Kri was artificially restored in Water Mill & Natural Museum of Bourazani. Today in Crete, there are about 2000 individuals Cree Cree hunting them is strictly prohibited. Archaeological excavations on the island have been found painted with the image of Kri-Kri. Some scientists believe that in ancient times in Crete there was a religious cult of this animal.
Where winter in Crete almost always have snow? For Russia, the snow is normal. But in most of the snow in the winter in Crete will not see. However, in mountain areas – the White Mountains and the Ida (Psiloritis) snow has almost always lies until spring. And in the small mountain village of Omalos, now the New Year snow to the knee. The village is located in the south-west 35 km from the city of Chania. Mountain road here, winding, summer on her tour buses go, but here in the winter without a special rubber is better not to go. Omalos is one of the few plains, plateaus among the White Mountains and not far from it is the entrance to the famous Samaria Gorge. View of the plateau is striking for its natural beauty, although most tourists rarely stops here, the summer tourist buses not stopping in the village, riding on the other side of the plateau to the entrance to the Samaria Gorge. In the village there is a small, cozy hotel with views of the snow-capped mountains. Looking at satellite maps clearly visible feature of the plateau its shape resembles a circle and it is unusual for a mountainous area of the White Mountains. actually pay and not so small in diameter, 2.5 km (during the Second World War there was a German airfield) .Zemlya here, as others elsewhere in Crete is very fertile and is used for agricultural work and breeding of goats and sheep.